Veganism is the practice of abstaining from the use of animal products, particularly in diet, and an associated philosophy that rejects the commodity status of animals. An individual who follows the diet or philosophy is known as a vegan. Distinctions may be made between several categories of veganism.
A vegan diet is a type of eating pattern that excludes all animal products, such as meat, dairy, eggs, and honey. People who follow a vegan diet may do so for various reasons, such as ethical, environmental, or health concerns.
Some of the potential benefits of a vegan diet include lower risk of chronic diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes, and certain cancers, as well as improved weight management, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels. However, a vegan diet may also pose some challenges, such as possible nutrient deficiencies, social difficulties, and limited food choices.
Therefore, it is important for vegans to plan their meals carefully and supplement their diet with fortified foods or supplements that provide adequate amounts of nutrients that are otherwise difficult to obtain from plant sources alone. These include vitamin B12, iron, calcium, zinc, iodine, and omega-3 fatty acids. Additionally, vegans should consult their health care providers regularly to monitor their nutritional status and health outcomes.