The Paleolithic diet, Paleo diet, caveman diet, or stone-age diet is a modern fad diet consisting of foods thought by its proponents to mirror those eaten by humans during the Paleolithic era.
A modern paleo diet includes fruits, vegetables, lean meats, fish, eggs, nuts and seeds. These are foods that in the past people could get by hunting and gathering. It doesn’t include foods that became more common when small-scale farming began about 10,000 years ago.
The paleo diet is a dietary pattern that mimics the way our ancestors ate during the Paleolithic era, before the advent of agriculture and processed foods. The paleo diet emphasizes foods that are natural, nutrient-dense, and minimally processed, such as meat, fish, eggs, vegetables, fruits, nuts, and seeds. The paleo diet excludes foods that are derived from grains, legumes, dairy, refined sugar, vegetable oils, and artificial additives. The paleo diet is based on the premise that humans are genetically adapted to eat the foods that were available to them in their original environment, and that modern foods are mismatched with our biology and cause chronic diseases. The paleo diet claims to offer various health benefits, such as weight loss, improved blood sugar control, reduced inflammation, enhanced cognitive function, and lower risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer.